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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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Hydra - See the figure inside?

Midianites, Hyksos LexiLine? Logo Midianites, Hyksos
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning



based on Astronomy
and the Pharaonic Lists of Kings
by Andis Kaulins

are the HYKSOS of Egyptian History
and of the 15th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

A review of the Egyptian hieroglyphs
shows the following parallels of names.
There are many errors in the readings
of these names by the Egyptologists.


There are 5 known Hyksos Kings
and 5 Midianite Kings in the Bible
and they are identical


The Cartouches of the Kings
are pictured and explained
at the link

15th Dynasty

Hyksos King Scheschi (Maaibre)
is Midianite King EVI


Hyksos King Jakobher (Meruserre)
is Midianite King REBA


Hyksos King Chian (Sueserenre)
is Midianite King HUR


Hyksos King Apopi I (Auserre)
is Midianite King ZUR


Hyksos King Apopi II (Aqenenre)
is Midianite King REKEM

16th Dynasty

The "King" Anather is the Biblical Judge GIDEON (Jerubboseth) and his name points to his leadership in the founding of New Salem, i.e. New Jerusalem,
In other words, Jerusalem was founded after the outbreak of the volcano Santorin on Thera which must have destroyed the old city.

no cartouches

The "King" JAKBAM
is Gideon's son ABIMELECH (Jephtah). There is no cartouche around the names because, as the Bible reports,
Gideon refused kingship.

17th Dynasty

(Sechemre Schedtaui)

in Thebes

The King ANTEF VII (Nubcheperre)
is AARON (Aron Haberit)


The King TA'A I


The King TA'A II is Seqenenre = NUN who was killed by the Philistines (Palestianians) who then took the ark.


The King Kamose
is HO-PHNIS, identical to PINEHAS

18th Dynasty

The Pharaoh AHMOSE
is Biblical DEBORAH.

(Barak is the perch of the Bird in Akkadian and that is the sign)

is born circa 1708 BC
according  to Artapanus

At the age of 40,
and before Exodus,
Moses first fled [ca. 1667 BC]
from Egypt
and sought refuge
among the Midianites (2 Moses 2, 15)
- on the basis of Egyptian Hieroglyphs - were none other than the Hyksos,
which the British Museum Dictionary
of Ancient Egypt
describes as follows (p. 136):


"...a Palestinian group...
who migrated into Egypt during the late Middle Kingdom (c. 1800-1650 BC) and rose to power in Lower Egypt
during the Second Intermediate Period
(1650-1550 BC).


(also called ISHMAELITES, Enc. Brit.):
The Lion Handbook of the Bible
notes that the Midianites
"were descendants of Abraham through his second wife, Keturah."
(1 Moses 25,2 and 1 Chronicles 1,32) Abraham had sent all the sons of Keturah into the desert. As noted in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, "they engaged in pastoral pursuits, caravan trading and banditry... Jethro, priest-leader of the Midianite subtribe the Kenites, and his daughter Zipporah (a wife of Moses), influenced early Hebrew thought: it was Yahweh, the lord of the Midianites, who was revealed to Moses as the God of the Hebrews.

What did Moses have to do with the Midianites?

Moses took Zipporah as his wife and the priest Jethro became his father-in-law. In spite of this, because of the alliance of the Kenites with the Moabites in the days of Exodus, Moses ordered his people to handle the Midianites as enemies because of ther idolatry
(4 Moses 22, 4-7, 5 Moses 16-18)
and indeed their five kings
Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur and Reba
(5 Moses 8)
all their cities
were burned to the ground
(5 Moses 10).


Tell el-Daba

As noted in the Chronicle of the Pharaohs by Peter A. Clayton, newest excavations clearly indicate that the cities in the northeastern Nile Delta were completely destroyed at the end of the Hyksos period.

End of the Hyksos and  of the
16th and 17th Dynasties of Kings

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B.A. University of Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
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