Blood Groups Hybrid
[We wrote this material years ago, long before more
recent DNA discoveries
and controversies about the Neanderthals, modern man and their blood
Everything below is not necessarily up-to-date any more
but it shows that a view of modern humans as genetic "hybrids"
may not be so far off the mark, given modern discussions.
We were in fact among the first, if not the first at this website,
to suggest mankind developed as a genetic ape viz. primate hybrid. ]
HUMAN ABO BLOOD GROUPS
ROOTS OF MANKIND
Origins of the ABO System
Blood Types and Human Evolution
are blood group A, minimal O, never B.
are blood group B, minimal O, but never A.
blood group is entirely missing - only HUMANS have it.
ABO STUDIES of the MAN-APES
separate studies showed that Chimpanzees
blood types A and minimal O, but never B.
separate studies showed that Gorillas
blood types B and minimal O, but never A.
NO blood type AB in either of the man-apes.
(See Jakob Schmitt,
Immunbiologische Untersuchungen bei Primaten,
Karger, New York and Basel, 1968).
man has both A and B
AND blood type AB
as well as very much O.
MN STUDIES of the MAN-APES
is a different blood antigen system than ABO.
But the same analysis
for the MN blood type in man-apes and humans
as holds true for ABO.
is both M and N or the combined MN blood type,
whereas the Chimpanzees
and Gorillas react exclusively to these types.
the reactions of Chimpanzees are 00.16 to Anti-M human
and 10.00 to Anti-N,
whereas the figures for Gorillas are
exactly the reverse,
with 10.00 to Anti-M and 00.64 to Anti-N).
MN STUDIES of the MAN-APES
man - but not the man-apes - can also be the combination MN ,
M and N
must have combined at some time in the past.
So, is A + B = You and Me
Can we venture a genetic guess as to who Adam and Eve were?
man developed on two separate lines from the man-apes
or evolved from a
combination of two primate lines [this idea was first presented on
The evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin may be disputed,
but his basic conclusions are strongly supported by modern scientific
It is well known, for example,
that the chromosomes of the
man-apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, etc.)
are very similar to those of man
differing in fact only very slightly,
thus suggesting a
See Dorothy A. Miller, Science magazine, Vol. 198, p. 1116.
study of (human) blood is called hematology.
Equally as interesting as
chromosomes are blood types,
the so-called ABO alleles and the MN
Most of us, for example, know our blood type in the ABO system
as A-positive, A-negative, B-positive, B-negative,
O-negative, AB-positive, AB-negative.
The positive or negative refer to
the so-called Rhesus factor.
Persons with blood type O are so-called
since they can give blood to anyone
having any of the
blood types A, B, O or AB.
Persons with blood type AB on the other
can give blood only to persons with AB blood type.
A person with
blood type A can not give blood
to a person with blood type B and vice
This means that an African with blood type A
can give blood to a
Scandinavian with blood type A,
but a Scandinavian close relative with
blood type B can not.
BLOOD TYPE ORIGINS: AFRICA
the above facts,
blood types AB and O
seem to be a combination of A+A,
A+B or B+B (AB as exclusive and O as inclusive)
whereas A and B
themselves appear to be separate original groups.
Only if the
father and mother are "A and B" or "B and A" blood type
can the child
then be born with any of the human blood groups
A, B, AB or O.
negates current theory that O is the original blood type,
since the man-apes have little or no O blood type
and no AB blood type
and B are very likely the originals.
Chimp + Gorilla?
The spot at which
the territories of the chimps and gorillas meet
is also the region of
the oldest human skulls in Africa.
[We might add here recent DNA evidence which suggests the Neanderthals
were exclusively O blood group.
That might suggest that humans are a merge of three distinct ape viz.
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