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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

andis kaulins avebury
Hydra - See the figure inside?

Human Blood Groups LexiLine? Logo Hybrid Modern Man
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning

[We wrote this material years ago, long before more recent DNA discoveries
and controversies about the Neanderthals, modern man and their blood groups, etc.

Everything below is not necessarily up-to-date any more
but it shows that a view of modern humans as genetic "hybrids"
may not be so far off the mark, given modern discussions.

We were in fact among the first, if not the first at this website,
to suggest mankind developed as a genetic ape viz. primate hybrid. ]


Human Blood Groups
Origins of the ABO System

Human Blood Types and Human Evolution

CHIMPANZEES are blood group A, minimal O, never B.
GORILLAS are blood group B, minimal O, but never A.
The AB blood group is entirely missing - only HUMANS have it.



28 separate studies showed that Chimpanzees
have the blood types A and minimal O, but never B.

8 separate studies showed that Gorillas
have the blood types B and minimal O, but never A.

There is NO blood type AB in either of the man-apes.

(See Jakob Schmitt,
Immunbiologische Untersuchungen bei Primaten

S. Karger, New York and Basel, 1968).

But man has both A and B
AND blood type AB
as well as very much O.


MN is a different blood antigen system than ABO.
But the same analysis holds true
for the MN blood type in man-apes and humans
as holds true for ABO.

Man is both M and N or the combined MN blood type,
whereas the Chimpanzees and Gorillas react exclusively to these types.
(According to Schmitt,
the reactions of Chimpanzees are 00.16 to Anti-M human mucous
and 10.00 to Anti-N,
whereas the figures for Gorillas are exactly the reverse,
with 10.00 to Anti-M and 00.64 to Anti-N).


Since man - but not the man-apes - can also be the combination MN ,
M and N must have combined at some time in the past.
So, is A + B = You and Me
 Can we venture a genetic guess as to who Adam and Eve were?

Perhaps man developed on two separate lines from the man-apes
or evolved from a combination of two primate lines [this idea was first presented on LexiLine].

The evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin may be disputed,
but his basic conclusions are strongly supported by modern scientific studies.

It is well known, for example,
that the chromosomes of the man-apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, etc.)
are very similar to those of man himself,
differing in fact only very slightly,
thus suggesting a genetic relationship.
See Dorothy A. Miller, Science magazine, Vol. 198, p. 1116.

The study of (human) blood is called hematology.
Equally as interesting as chromosomes are blood types,
the so-called ABO alleles and the MN alleles.
Most of us, for example, know our blood type in the ABO system
as A-positive, A-negative, B-positive, B-negative,
O-positive, O-negative, AB-positive, AB-negative.
The positive or negative refer to the so-called Rhesus factor.
Persons with blood type O are so-called universal donors,
since they can give blood to anyone
having any of the blood types A, B, O or AB.
Persons with blood type AB on the other hand,
can give blood only to persons with AB blood type.
A person with blood type A can not give blood
to a person with blood type B and vice versa.
This means that an African with blood type A
can give blood to a Scandinavian with blood type A,
but a Scandinavian close relative with blood type B can not.


Given the above facts,
blood types AB and O
seem to be a combination of A+A,
A+B or B+B (AB as exclusive and O as inclusive)
whereas A and B themselves appear to be separate original groups.
Only if the father and mother are "A and B" or "B and A" blood type
can the child then be born with any of the human blood groups
A, B, AB or O.
This negates current theory that O is the original blood type,
especially since the man-apes have little or no O blood type
and no AB blood type at all.

A and B are very likely the originals.
Chimp + Gorilla?
The spot at which the territories of the chimps and gorillas meet
is also the region of the oldest human skulls in Africa.

[We might add here recent DNA evidence which suggests the Neanderthals were exclusively O blood group.
That might suggest that humans are a merge of three distinct ape viz. primate-type lines.]

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The owner and webmaster of is Andis Kaulins
B.A. University of Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
Alumnus Associate of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, NYC

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