Ancient Signs Traben-Trarbach, Germany Live Cam

Welcome to LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning

| HOME | Ancient Signs (book) | Lexiline Forum | LexiLine Journal | Stars Stones and Scholars (book) | Ancient World Blog |
| Lingwhizt | Archaeology Websearch Blog | Ancient Egypt Weblog | Archaeology Travel Photos | Megalithic Sites of the World | LawPundit (Evidence etc.) |

Search LexiLine
LexiLine Home Page - LexiLine : History of Civilization - LexiLine Quick Index
Donate to LexiLine

| Quick Index of |


Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

andis kaulins avebury
Hydra - See the figure inside?

Balor Concubar LexiLine? Logo Orion Meteor Showers
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning


by F. Graham Millar
Halifax Centre, RASC (Royal Astronomical Society of Canada)
Website use with permission of the late copyright-holding author and based on the author's significant pioneer article which appeared in the Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol. 89, No. 4, Aug. 1995, pp.141-154.

Orion Balor Concubar
David and Goliath and ancient Star Positions and Meteor Showers

Millar Chart

Concubar has Sanskrit roots defining him as the original Cupid, a bow-hunter. We do not find Balor/Concubar on the Gundestrup Cauldron. For him we may look elsewhere for one or more of the motifs - a single eye, blindness, a weapon piercing the eye in the back of his head, the piercing of the head, or beheading.

Orion is reputed to be blind (Allen 1963); no other constellation bears this attribute. The head of Orion is represented by only one star, Meissa (Allen 1963). It is a double in which the brighter star is pale white and of magnitude 3.5. To the naked eye this is a dim star, not visible through hazy cloud, so on occasion Orion is blind or lacks a head. Astrologically, then, Balor/Concubar can be identified with Orion.

Orion is today a sloping figure. A vertical struck through him is tangent to the locus of the pole at about 3000 BC; he was vertical then. This date broadly sets the time of origin of the myth of David and Goliath, perhaps as early as 3500 BC.

Three star positions by which the ancients kept track of the calendar may be used to set a date for the formation of the myth giving a result in agreement with dates suggested on other grounds. These positions were the following:

Heliacal Rising: when a star makes its first seasonal appearance on the eastern horizon just before dawn.

Culmination: when a star stands on the zenith meridian. After its heliacal rising, a star rises a little earlier each night until, halfway into its season of visibility, it is up all night. It then culminates at midnight. The nonsetting circumpolar stars can culminate, either low in the north (inferior) or overhead (superior).

Heliacal Setting: when a setting star makes its last seasonal appearance on the western horizon just after sunset.

Considering precession, around 3500 BC Boötes culminated in the inferior position
on August 4th, Lughnasadh (Lugh's Day). Orion was then low in the southeast. He would remain in the sky until his heliacal setting about November 4th, Samhain (Summer's End).

In the interval between those dates he was exposed to the weapon of Lugh, whose long arm was extended toward him. Succumbing at Samhain, Orion went to the Otherworld. The Finn version is explicit: Finn lured the wizard over the cliff, that is, to the Otherworld.

The weapons in the myth may have been inspired by a meteor shower. A meteor, or shooting star, is vividly mythologized as a thunderbolt, a thrown spear, a glinting sword, or a sword half-drawn from the scabbard and reinserted. Meteors originate from solid particles, usually only grain-sized, that fall from space into the atmosphere where they burn in a white-hot glow. Some, believed to be remnants of comets, occur in showers of a few days duration centred on the date when their orbit intersects the Earth's orbit.

From year to year showers may vary in the maximum number visible per hour. A shower comes from a definite direction in space, and by perspective the meteors seem to radiate from a point on the celestial sphere called the radiant. A shower takes its name from the constellation in which the radiant lies.

Of all the constellations, only three bear the name of a mythical hero and at the same time contain a meteor radiant. Perseus is one, but he can be identified with Mithra and so is disregarded here. Hercules and Orion remain, the possessors of the thrown weapons. Never in any age has Orion been visible at the time of the Herculids, since at that time the Sun is invariably close to Orion, outblazing him.

Bootes is not the radiant for a major meteor shower, and neither is Corona Borealis (Sherrod 1981). However, Hercules/Aed/Vulcan was the Smith who made the weapons. It was only possible for Hercules to give the bolts to Bootes. (As a parallel, Saul gave David his armour - I Samuel 17:38). Bootes then flung the bolts with his sling, Corona Borealis.

Around 3000 BC, Orion was visible from August to October. Bootes, low in the north on August 4th, was in position to bombard him until his heliacal setting - but not without opposition from Orion, as implied by a Vedic hymn in praise of Indra for slaying the dragon Vrtra: Vrtra fought back. The same is implied in the story of Culhwch. Vrtra's weapon was perhaps an Orionid meteor.

GO TO the Next Page of Millar's Article


| Quick Index of |
Donate to the ISandIS Network
of blogs and websites
to help sustain our research and writing.

Thank you.

andis kaulins carnac
Count all those stones?

kaulins england
Studying Ancient Britain
in the Cotswolds in 2000

Deciphering megalithic sites History of Civilization
Terms of Use - Privacy Policy - Impressum

This page was last updated on January 4, 2013

Our suggested Website Image for Pinterest
and/or similar portals now and in the future.

LexiLine Dot Com Image for Pinterest

The owner and webmaster of is Andis Kaulins
B.A. University of Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
Alumnus Associate of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, NYC

All materials presented on are for information only.
No other relationship under the law is established to the user.
No warranties are made regarding the truth or accuracy of postings.
We disclaim any and all liability for the consequences of links
to third party websites or reliance on information there presented.

Legal Notice of Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials:
Copyrighted materials on are posted under the "fair use" exception
as granted by Title 17 U.S.C. [United States Code] Section 107.

Key search words for LexiLine are: Aegean, Akkad, Anatolia, ancient, ancient astronomy, ancient Britain, ancient Europe, Ancient Greece, ancient languages, ancient Near East, ancient signs, ancient world, anthropology, archaeology, archaeoastronomy, art history, artefacts, artifacts, astronomy, barrows, Biblical Studies, cairns, cave paintings, celestial, civilization, Crete, cultural astronomy, Cyprus, decipherment, dolmens, Egyptology, Elam, Fertile Crescent, geodetics, heavens, hieroglyphs, history of art, history of astronomy, history of civilization, history of mankind, history of science, history of technology, history of Western Civilization, land survey, languages, linguistics, logograms, Luvian, Luwian, megaliths, megalithic, Minoan,  Mycenae, Neolithic, Neolithic art, Oriental Studies, origins, origins of writing, Phaistos, pictographs, planisphere, prehistoric, prehistoric art, Pyramids, rock art, rock drawings, standing stones, stars, stellar constellations, stone circles, stone rings, Stone Age, stone rows, Sumer, surveyors, tumuli, Andis, Andis Kaulins, Kaulins.

Our Websites and Blogs: 99 is not 100 Aabecis AK Photo Blog Ancient Egypt Weblog Ancient World Blog Andis Kaulins Blog Archaeology Travel Photos blog Archaeology Travel Photos Flickr Archaeology Websearch Archaeo Pundit Arts and Sciences Journal Arts Pundit Astrology and Birth Baltic Coachman Bible Pundit Biotechnology Pundit Bloggers Pundit Book Pundit Chronology of the Ancient World Computer Pundit DVD Pundit EarnATon Easter Island Script Echolat Einstein’s Voice Energy Environment and Climate Blog Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza EU Laws EU Legal EU Pundit FaceBook Pundit Gadget Pundit Garden Pundit getCITED Golf Pundit Google Pundit Gourmet Pundit Hand Proof House Pundit Human Migrations Idea Pundit Illyrian Language Indus Valley Script Infinity One: The Secret of the First Disk Isandis Isandis Net Jostandis Journal Pundit Kaulins Genealogy Blog Kaulinsium Kiel & Kieler Latvian Blog LawPundit (domain) Law Pundit (Blogspot) LearnATon LexiLine Group Lexiline Journal Library Pundit Life’s Laws and Rules Lingwhizt LinkedIn Literary Pundit Magnifichess Make it Music Maps and Cartography Megalithic Wiki at Megalithic World Megaliths blog Minoan Culture Mutatis Mutandis Nanotech Pundit Nostratic Languages Official Pundit Phaistos Disc Pharaonic Hieroglyphs Photo Blog of the World Prehistoric Art Pundit Private Wealth Blog PunditMania Quanticalian Quick to Travel Quill Pundit Road Pundit Shelfari SlideShare Sport Pundit Star Pundit Stars Stones and Scholars (blog) Stars Stones and Scholars (book) Stonehenge Pundit The Enchanted Glass Twitter Pundit UbiquitousPundit Vision of Change VoicePundit WatchPundit Wine Pundit Word Pundit xistmz YahooPundit zistmz