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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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Hydra - See the figure inside?

Twelve LexiLine? Logo TACTS
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning


The Twelve TACTs
Theses re Ancient Cultures - Tomorrow
These are highly speculative theories
about what the research of tomorrow might show.
I am not saying this is right -- it could be.

There is a proto-Language


The Nostratic language hypothesis
of a single language origin
correlates to a large degree
with modern migration theories
related to the spread of agriculture
as confirmed by genetic DNA analysis.

Ancient cultures of this migration
are the
SumeriansAkkadians, Kurgans, Shang, Tocharians,
Hittites, the Sanskrit speakers, the Indus Valley culture,
Minoans, the megalith cultures (e.g. Stonehenge), Mycenae, Malta,
Canary Islands, Easter Island, and the Hebrews.

Even the pyramid cultures of Central and South America
derive from ancient seafaring or ancient migrations
(Olmec hieroglyphs are similar to ancient Chinese, i.e. Shang, symbols).
In turn, the
Maya astronomy and calendar then may derive
from those roots, being very similar to
Pharaonic Egyptian in both
notation and in the principle of "hieroglyph-building".

All of these scripts and languages
-- in our opinion --
will one day be acknowledged
to have
a single common origin.
See my book Ancient Signs.

Indeed, the trend toward
recognition of a world proto-language
will also intensify - thus leading also
to recognition of a world proto-culture.

Indeed, a Nostratic connection from proto-Indo-European and archaic languages such as Baltic is suggested to the
language of the
!Kung Bushmen in Africa
Kungs = "Sir, man" - surely root of our later term "King"),
validating Richard Leakey's hypothesis
that the Bushmen's communal cooperative
semi-migrant culture led to more modern civilization

in the North

The agricultural Sumerians
(as the Hieroglyphic Hittites Lu(t)wians)
were in my opinion proto-Indo-Europeans,
speaking an agglutinative-type of pre-Indo-European,
prior to the development of broad-scale inflection --
similar to the difference we find between agglutinative Estonian
and inflected Latvian, but showing great lexical similarity.

If and when Sumerian became mixed with the Afro-Asiatic
  of the old indigenous Canaanite language of the shepherd cultures
of the Fertile Crescent, this led to the Northwest Semitic languages
(such as Akkadian) and to the later Aramaic, both of which were the
lingua francae of the common people in their particular eras.

The most ancient "temple" Hebrew
was the language of the priests
and of the Egyptian "temple" hieroglyphs
(i.e. as opposed to demotic or hieratic)
 and this language was arguably pre-proto-Indo-European
  viz. Sumerian, viz. Old Kingdom Egyptian
a language which also became very mixed
as a kauderwelsh with
Canaanite (Semitic, Afro-Asiatic) as time progressed.
Note that all of these linguistic terms are of modern origin
and there is no consensus about them.


A small group of these Sumerians or perhaps seafaring northern relatives,
as the shaft-tomb culture, migrated southward from the Fertile Crescent during a period of famine, ultimately winding up in Egypt,
building pyramids there through technology-transfer
from the cultures of the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers,
going from mud-brick to stone construction and
instituting agriculture on the Nile, which ultimately made Egypt
the richest and most powerful country on Earth in ancient times,
sort of an immigrant ancient United States of America, as it were.


These Sumerians were identical to the Biblical Hebrews under the
leadership of Abraham, who first colonized the Nile. His progeny,
starting with Joseph, were the initiators of pyramid-building and
pre-modern centralized government in Egypt
(as is clear from the
Bible and the Nile Sehel Monument).
Hence, there is a chronological error
between Biblical and Pharaonic Egyptian chronology,
as correctly alleged by Sir Isaac Newton in his Chronology
of Ancient Kingdoms
more than 200 years ago.
This difference will be reconciled in coming years.
Chronology is vexing and much research is still necessary.

5. THE Old Testament of the Bible
is for the most part
a historical account of ancient days.

In our opinion, Old Testament Biblical accounts, events and numbers
are for the large part reflections of true human history.
Scholars have simply interpreted the Bible incorrectly,
and new sources such as the
Dead Sea Scrolls (Qumran)
will (and do) verify that this is so.
The same holds true for
Mishnaic texts.
The Dead Sea Scrolls are "more original sources"
than those later used to "write" the Bible
- sources which point even further back, to e.g.
Pharaonic Egyptian and Sumerian and Akkadian forbears
- and which show particularly
the central position of astronomy in ancient religion.


The ancient chronologies are in GREAT disarray
- inter alia, as bristlecone pine analysis substantiates -
caused by the lack of ancient astronomical knowledge
among mainstream academics.
Examples here are the
MUL.APIN series of cuneiform tablets.

Turin Papyrus (Turin Canon)
is substantially astronomical in orientation.
This papyrus may be reconstructed again,
due to the discovery of missing pieces at the British Museum.

Indeed, the oldest Dynasties of the Bible,
the oldest Sumerian Lists of Kings
and the Reigns of the Pharaohs of the Old Kingdom,
correspond to astronomical calendric cycles
and heavenly realms of stars,
as measured by
heliacal risings and settings of stars.

The 76 kings of Abydos correspond to 4 x 19 Metonic cycles.
The 59 kings of Saqqara (Sakkara) (29+29+1)
correspond to the synodic periods of the moon.
76 years was seen as an ancient "kingdom".
The 12 Tribes of Israel on the
Breastplate of the Hebrew High Priest
correspond in organization to divisions of the Zodiac
- i.e. the tribes had heremetic comparables
This happened because land was surveyed using astronomy,
"as above, so below" and the Old Testament even tell us
how Jacob divided these heavens among his 12 sons.
The ancients did not have astrology the way we do today,
but the heavenly map was used as a guide to mapping earth.

Much of this astronomy extended into mythology.
Precursors of ancient Egyptian and Sumerian Akkadian myths
Gilgamesh, Agushaya Hymn, etc.) are found, for example,
in the
Latvian Dainas (Lithuanian Dainos) and
Indo-European (especially Norse) legends.

Temples to Astronomy, Not Tombs

The Egyptian pyramids were not primarily built as tombs,
as is currently assumed
(such tombs, in fact, shaft-tombs, are at the Valley of Kings,
and other Egyptian locations such as Saqqara for earlier periods).
No original mummies of pharaohs
have ever been found inside the pyramids.
The pyramids also have no writings in memory of the alleged deceased,
at a time when hieoglyphic writing was well known.
Massive pyramid tombs and then no writing? It does not add up.
Rather, the pyramids are
geodetic and astronomical temples
(i.e. early churches), used for astronomical calculations,
built by the Sumerians viz. Hebrews viz. Pharaohs.
Perhaps later kings used pre-existing pyramids as tombs later
because they were available - but not originally.

IS Perhaps IN THE

The decrypted original
of the encrypted copy of the
Copper Scroll found at Qumran,
according to the
Mishnayot, maps the treasures
in the
Valley of Kings.

I once thought that they perhaps pointed to the Hall of Records
as being sealed in the Great Pyramids of Giza, something
which could have been inferred from the Westcar Papyrus,
cf. Erman and Gardiner. However, the chronology does not match.

When the Hebrews left Egypt,
they must have taken documents with them
which we then have found reproduced and copied
over the centuries as the Dead Sea Scrolls,
including the Copper Scroll.

These Dead Sea communities
arguably represented some of the last of the progeny
of the original real Old Kingdom Pharaonic priests,
as the Hebrew tribes were lost and spread to Europe in the diaspora.

has a proto-Indo-European
viz. Nostratic substratum

The language of the Pharaohs of the Old Kingdom in our opinion
had a
proto-Indo-European substrata, very similar to Sumerian,
and to archaic Indo-European languages like Baltic.
The original Indo-European of the Old Kingdom
was replaced increasingly by the Afro-Asiatic Canaanitic language
of the indigenous population of the shepherds.

Pharonic Egyptian Language

Date to 2340 BC Astronomy

The pyramid complexes on the Nile (including Giza) triangulate the heavens
and the Solstices and Equinoxes 2340 BC or earlier
based on a calendar system originating on
December 25, 3117 BC,
the same date as the start of the Maya and Sanskrit calendar.
The Hermetic texts long ago told us that the Egypt below
was built on the model of the Egypt above.
Egyptologists have erroneously presumed there were two "earthly" Egypts,
i.e. upper and lower Egypt - on the Nile. No.
There was only ONE Egypt on Earth - and the OTHER one was the heavens.

As found on Guanche pictographs from the Old Kingdom period, the Pharaoh
was called "Ruler, On Earth, Under Heaven" - the two Egypts. Many Egyptian
hieroglyphic names of pharaohs mean precisely the same thing.


Cultures such as those of the Lydians and Etruscans
were based on the exile or exodus of persons from Egypt.
(Update: this has recently been confirmed by DNA genetic studies.)
Some of these emigrants carryied on the priestly tradition,
so that the Roman Catholic Church, for example, can be seen as the
spiritual descendant of the first Pharaonic dynasties of priests.
Indeed, all the major modern human religions
are based on the first truly organized and
astronomically based religion
which we see manifested at its apex
in ancient Egypt.


The transition from the Old Testament
to the New Testament is interesting.

Jesus. regardless of his "divine identity",
which is here not under discusssion,
was possibly the "human" son Antiochus I of Commagene,
i.e. Antiochus I. Theos,
whose son was either conceived by Elisabeth or Mary
(the nine-months as described in Luke in the Bible)
and hidden among the masses to avoid him being killed
by the Romans or their executors.

Antiochus was the self-declared "King of Kings" of the royal lines of kings
of BOTH the Greeks and the Persians, tracing his motherly and fatherly lineage to Darius the Great and Alexander the Great.
Significantly and monotheistically,
Antiochus was the first king to  try to unite the religions of East and West,
and this symbiosis arguably gave rise to what we call Christianity
as probably the first true monotheistic religion
(Akhenaten did not deserve this honor of monotheism at all,
  ashe merely replaced lunar worship with solar worship).

Christianity was then propagated further by Jesus
(who may have had half the identity of John the Baptist,
see Luke and Matthew in the New Testament).
Judas ultimately told the Romans who Jesus was,
and this resulted in his death.

The site of Nimrud Dag (Nemrud Dag, Nimrod of the Bible)
verifies this further,
with Nimrod's giant mound tumulus (as large as the Great Pyramid)
and its actual still-standing astronomical presentation
of what may be regarded as the astronomical star(s) of Bethlehem
inscribed in an ancient stone monument.

The resulting question of the "identity" of Jesus
as an actual "man" of history or as a "divine" son of God
was then battled out
between the Antioch and Alexandria schools of thought,
starting about 200 AD.

Some may see Jesus as a prophet
  or Jesus's divinity as a question of religion,
but as a matter of history, however,
his life as a real "human" is without serious doubt.


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