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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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Hydra - See the figure inside?

Hieroglyph LexiLine? Logo Gold NBW
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning


Hieroglyph for Gold

In analyzing individual Pharaonic Hieroglpyhs,
we use inter alia, Maria Carmela Betro, Heilige Zeichen,
Gustav Luebbe Verlag, 1996, as a basis for discussion
(originally published 1995 as Geroglifici
by Arnoldo Mondadori, Milan
recently also available in English as Hieroglyphs.

As Betro writes (p. 176 of the German language version of her book)
a major problem with the "gold" hieroglyph is that
scholars do not agree upon what the gold symbol represents,
although Betro pictures the goddess Isis, tomb of Hatshepsut,
kneeling on the symbol with her hand on an object
that in our interpretation of the gold hieroglyph as a death bed
here includes a side view of the pillow for the head. shows a similar image from the sarcophagus
of the Tomb of Amenophis II:

Gold Hieroglyph as Death Bed

Some think that the gold-hieroglyph symbol
is a gold necklace
although the symbol does not look like a necklace at  all
nor does this hieroglyph have a form
in which anyone would picture a necklace intuitively
- the so-called nbti -
which is formed by joining gold "pearls"
into a string, sti nbw.
The string of gold, if it is that, hangs below the bed,
but we are guessing that the "pearls" are the tassels
of the bedspread, which of course could be gold.

In our opinion, in later Kingdoms,
the basic hieroglyphic symbol for gold in Egypt
was a "death bed",
which may derive from an Old Kingdom
necklace of gold -- this can not be excluded.

The current transcription of NBW for "gold"
is potentially related to the land NUBIA,
where gold was mined.

The transcription of NBW
could also be related to Indo-European,
for example Latvian NĀVE "death"
a word theoretically derived from
*NE-BIJ "not was"
in the sense of *NE-IR "not is".

For "death bed" in Indo-European
e.g. German language
we also have "Barre" (deathbed)
while the modern English "bar"
as e.g. a "gold bar"
is a term that is homophonic,
i.e. same sounding.

Above we see the gold hieroglyph plus the Horus Falcon, a very old use,
putting the "R" element as the Horus Falcon on the "bar".

The ḥr "Horus" G5 in hieroglyphs means "great, powerful"
as in Indo-European e.g. Latvian VARs "power, might" .

In view of Latin AURum
or the older AKkadion 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu, KUG.GI as R-terms for "gold"
a generic relationship to an "R-term" can not be excluded.

  Another possibility is simply
an adaptation of an ancient term for metal:
We analzye the origin of the names for metals
at the LexiLine page on Metals.

Ippolito Roselini of Pisa, a close friend of Champollions,
thought the gold symbol to be a kind of sack,
folded  down at the ends,
used for washing gold in ancient days
and this may in fact be closer to the form of the later "bed"
perhaps designed on the basis of that original "sack-mold".

NWBT was the home-base camp-site
for caravans traveling to the gold mines
in the eastern Egyptian desert, NUBIA,
which for the scholars allegedly meant "city of gold"
but the root there could be
Pharaonic INB "wall" plus NIWT "city"
i.e. "walled city"
hence perhaps having nothing to do with gold as such.


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