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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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Hydra - See the figure inside?

Hebrew Language LexiLine? Logo and Indo-European
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning

The Hebrew Language 
Its Relation to Indo-European
(or its Nostratic base)

Franz Bopp, the founder of comparative linguistics,
as well as August von Schlözer,
who coined the term "Semitic" only 200 years ago,
saw ancient Indo-European
 viz. proto-Indo-European
connections to Hebrew,
and we are convinced that
what in ancient days was viewed to be
"Temple Hebrew"
was the language of the hieroglyphs
and that these had an unmistakeable
Indo-Europen viz. proto-Indo-European stratum,
viz. "Nostratic" base.

Here are the changes and shifts
found by Daniel Sivan in the Northwest Semitic Vocabules
which every linguist should examine in the future:
  • i/e
  • u/a
  • i/u
  • aw>o
  • ay>e
  • i+u>u
  • i+a>a/i
  • uw>u
  • iy>i
  • i+i>i
  • i+e>e/i
  • assimilation of vowels to bilabial consonants
  • assimilation of a short vowel to a long vowel following it
  • vowel assimilation in words not beginning with '
  • a shift of a>o
    (Note by LexiLine: this is also found in Indo-European
    where most words beginning with S in Latvian are SA-
    but are found shifted in Greek to SU-)
  • ana>una
    Note by LexiLine: look at Lithuanian ana)
  • dropped vowels as a result of stress shift
    Note by LexiLine: in Latvian, where all words are stressed on the first syllable,
    the initial vowels following the initial consonant are pretty resilient,
    but they start to disappear when stress is shifted to later syllables
    and short vowels disappear more quickly than long ones)
  • a shift of b/p, p/m, m/n
  • many changes among the dentals
  • going from fricatives or palatalized dentals to simple sibilants or simple dentals
  • shift of n/l
  • assimilation of R, L and N to the consonant following
  • nazalization of n
  • shift of s>sh
  • shift of w>y at the beginning of a word
  • y/w dropped between vowels
  • y is dropped at the beginning of words in certain cases
  • ya>a/i
  • assimilation of y to the consonant following it
  • etc.

When all these changes are taken into account,
A good share of Temple Hebrew (i.e. the hieroglyphs)
look(s) oddly similar Indo-European.


Selected word groups below
are linked to the respective pages.

Major References:
(Library Volumes)

1. Botterweck et al.,
Theologisches Woerterbuch zum Alten Testament (in 8 volumes),
Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart (standard work).

2. Jenni and Westermann,
Theologisches Handwörterbuch zum Alten Testament,
Chr. Kaiser Verlag, Munich, 1976 (in 2 volumes).

3. Wilhelm Gesenius,
Hebraeisches und Aramaeisches Handwoerterbuch
ueber das Alte Testament
18th ed., Springer Verlag, 1995.

4. Daniel Sivan,
Grammatical Analysis and Glossary
of the Northwest Semitic Vocables
in Akkadian Texts of the 15th-13th C. B.C
from Canaan and Syria
Volume 214, Alter Orient und Altes Testament,
Verlag Butzon & Bercker Kevelaer, 1984,

based on the El-Amarna Tablets,
The Alalah Tablets (Level IV),
The Akkadian Texts from Ugarit (Ras Shamra),
and The Tacanak Tablets.

5. Muehlenbachs and Endzelins,
Latvian-German Historical Dictionary

 LINKS To Selected Terms

Earth, Erde, Eretz, Zeme, Khemia, Hemi-, Humus

Creation, Birth, Child

Word for Fire and Related Concepts

Elders, Parents, Man and Woman

Star Words

Water Words

Thunder, The Voice of God

The Sun

The Moon


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B.A. University of Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
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