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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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Hydra - See the figure inside?

Nofretete Snofru LexiLine? Logo The NFR Hieroglyph
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning

Nofretete and SNOFRU

the problem of
the hieroglyph NFR


the problem of NFR

involves a hieroglyph
which in our opinion
stood for "the breath sound"
and not
as currently thought
for the word for "breath".

is in our opinion
correctly written as
"the Hittite Queen"
is correctly written as
i.e. ESAU,
the brother of Biblical Jacob,

for in our opinion,
as we prove elsewhere
at LexiLine,
the ancient Patriarchs
were the Pharaohs.

Egyptian NFR is Guttural-Nasal
CH viz. H as in "Mach 1, i.e. the velocity"

One of the most puzzling errors
which surfaces in modern mainstream Egyptology
is the case of "the nasal passage and nose hieroglyph"

(see below)
today transcribed completely erroneously as NFR
- an impossible artificial never-existing "phoneme".

Sensible Egyptologists first thought correctly
that it was a vowel-type of sound (so Betro),
thinking however - incorrectly - that the hieroglyph
represented lungs and windpipe.

But it is EMINENTLY clear
that the original hieroglyph
represents the nose and nasal passage.

Indeed, ancient representations
showed two opening pipes.
Look at the picture below
of the NFR symbol

The NFR symbol is the nose and passages.
It is not a windpipe and heart,
as modern Egyptology today claims.

Indeed, the symbol means "nasalized breath"
which is also the meaning of the word it symbolized
(NFR = e.g. Indo-European Latvian ANtVARs = "opening")
Only late in the Ptolemaic era - 2000 years later - is the term
nfrt [ntfr misread !] in evidence as a "windpipe".

NFR means a "THROAT sound" or "voiced" i.e. "CHE or HE",
much as ALEPH, ALPHA is Latvian ALPA or ELPA
meaning "breath" i.e. a "breath-sound".
If we write the word HAVE as "throat plus -ave"
we do not pronounce the word as "throatave"
but as "have".
NFR + tete was pronounced CHE-DITE or HE-TITE.
NFR + S was not S-NFRu but HE-SAU or JE-SAU.
The same analysis applies to every word in Pharaonic Egyptian
in which an NFR has been wrongly placed by the Egyptologists.

Current Egyptology also continues to see the sign as
"windpipe and heart" which the Egyptologist Betrò correctly notes
to be anatomically impossible, as the picture above shows.

 The related Egyptian term  r-ib allegedly meaning "stomach"
is also SO clearly Indo-European RIB (German LEIB)
that it casts even more grave doubts
on the common sense of the linguistic community
who relate it ALSO to the heart which is correctly another word,
e.g. Indo-European Latvian SIRDS "heart" viz. SIRDī "in the Heart",
found in Pharaonic as shRTy.

The related "windpipe sign" now transcribed as SM3 = SMR
is e.g. Indo-European Latvian SMIRds, SMARzha,
etc. meaning "ODOR, SMELL".
That is what it means.
The Egyptian DGN "nose"
is the same as Latvian DEGUNs "nose"
whence also DEG- "burn",
surely with a root in the smell of burning.

Hence, the Egyptian Queen Nofretete,
correctly reads "cHe-tit-te",
i.e. she was
the "Hittite" Queen of the Amarna period,
as is historically logical.

Indeed, we know that Echnaton (Akhenaten)
obtained a Queen of the Amazons
from the Black or Caspian Sea
as his wife.

The NFR hieroglyph in the Snofru cartouche
is thus similarly read cHE-SAU, i.e. ESAU
and was surely the same
as the Biblical brother of Jacob.


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