|Thera - Volcano
Eruption ca. 1628
The Island of Thera
and the Volcano Santorini
a Volcano Explodes
ca. 1628 BC in the days of Moses
In "Zauber und
Schönheit unserer Erde",
via Das Beste,
in a translation from the French original, published in 1992,
there is a chapter by Alain Person on "Santorini"
about which he gives the following facts:
1. The caldera
(volcanic crater) of the volcano Santorini is 400 meters deep and 83
kilometers (!) in circumference.
Person describes it rightly as "gigantic".
2. The caldera was formed by multiple explosions and subsequent
collapse of the emptied magma cone into the sea.
3. Brimstone, ash and other materials from this explosion
have been found in an ellipse-shaped area 600 kilometers
long and 300 kilometers wide.
4. The explosion of Thera is the best candidate for a
sunken Atlantis, since the Eastern Mediterranean is where
the African continental plate pushes northward
against and UNDER the Aegean plate, so that parts of the African
plate are consumed by this process (called the subduction zone).
Looking at "plate
tectonics" in the Enc. Brit. and at p. 208
(volcanism) of the previously cited book "Zauber",
we find that the African plate runs from the
middle of the Atlantic East through the Straits of Gibraltar,
from there in the Mediterranean more or less along the coast
of Africa, passing between Sicily and Africa,
then turning at a jagged angle south of Sicily and heading
northeast toward Greece and Corinth but also in another line
toward the middle of the Eastern Mediterranean and from there
Along the Dead Sea, there is a major horizontal fault
running southward toward the Gulf of Aquaba (Sinai).
The Encyclopaedia Britannica writes: "...the Mediterranean,
where the collisions between Africa and a swarm of micro continents
have produced a tectonic nightmare that is far from resolved."
Seeing is Believing
If we look at a
section of a map similar to that
presented by Maurice Gennesseaux
in his article, "The Mediterranean" (p. 58-65) in the cited
source "Zauber", we see clearly
what part of the land may have "dropped"into the ocean.
There is only an
deep chasm between Tunisia and Sicily,
which was the possible location of the pillars of Heracles.
Gennesseaux also states that there are masses of volcanic ash
mixed in the sediments of the Mediterranean and that the volcanic
ash from Santorini covered an area of 200,000 square kilometers.
The Lion Handbook to the Bible (6th printing, 1981), p. 139,
notes as follows concerning Sodom & Gomorrah:
"The destruction: it is known from archaeology that the area
was emptied of settled occupation after about 1900 BC.
This catastrophe - probably caused by an earthquake and
explosion of gases - may be the reason. The shallow southern waters
of the Dead Sea now cover the cities."
Here again we have archaeological confirmation by many
graves found in this region and dated to ca. 1800 BC.
The Example of
exploded in 1883, the detonation was heard 3000 miles away
and a tsunami 100-feet high resulted, killing 36000 people. Pressure
waves from the explosion were felt "around the Earth". Near the
the masses of pumice were so thick as to halt ships. The
region was darkened for 3 days.
Ash and gas at 1500
degrees F can be blown
as high as 25 miles up and such eruptions tend to be involved
with earthquake activity. Volcanologists have even found that
light sulfur dioxide can circulate the globe years after the blast.
(See here the National Geographic article on Volcanoes,
December 1992, "darkness in daytime, ash from the sky...
and a trembling earth...like the end of the world".)
to allegations that there are NO reports about the explosion of
Santorini in ancient literature, the catastrophe is clearly referred to
in Isaiah in great detail, as the cause of the destruction of Sodom and
Gomorrah was Santorini - fire (ash) and brimstone came,
together with a tidal wave.
Based on the
crater, modern researchers have suggested
that the tidal wave headed due east from
Santorini and killed several millions in the coastlands
of the fertile crescent.
The explosion of
Santorini on Thera (the people are the Biblical people of Tyre, the
Tarshish) is the catastrophe which occurred in Isaiah.
states, the Catastrophe occurred during the reign of Ahaz
The Book of
( Ahaz = Pharaoh Ahmose ), father of Hezekiah
(Hezekiah = Amenophis I (haquaset)
"The word of the
Lord is against the land of Hadrach.... Tyre and Sidon,
though they are very wise, Tyre has built herself a rampart,
and heaped up silver like dust, and gold like the dirt of the streets.
But lo, the
Lord will strip her of her possessions
and hurl her wealth into the sea, and she shall be
devoured by fire.... Ash'kelon shall be uninhabited
a mongrel people shall dwell in Ashdod; and I will make
an end of the pride of Philistia...
The Book of
Nahum and Thera
Carmel wither, the bloom of Lebanon fades.
The mountains quake before him, the hills melt;
the earth is laid waste before him,
the world and all that dwell therein....
But with an
overflowing flood he will make a full end
of his adversaries.... Nin'eveh is like a pool whose waters
run away.... Desolate! Desolation and ruin! heaps
of corpses, dead bodies without end -...."
for more on Santorini)
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