The Dead Sea
The Hebrews call
the Dead Sea Yam ha-Melah ("salt sea")
and some think the name "dead sea" was so named
because nothing can live in the salt sea.
But in Arabic the
Dead Sea is called
al-Bahr al-Mayyitt ("Sea of Death")
or Buhayrat Lut ("Sea of Lot"),
recalling the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
and reminding of Lot's wife, who turned to stone
(as in Pompeii by volcanic ash?).
The Ancient Five
Cities of the Dead Sea
Indeed, there did
once exist 5 ancient cities of the plain
(Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zoboiim and Zoar (Bela)).
All were destroyed.
by Lapp, Rast and Schaub
at the south end of the Dead Sea
- where the five cities of the plain were located -
may show mass cemeteries
provisionally dated to ca. 1800 B.C.
Victims? What happened????
there in fact a natural catastrophe?
Did it rain
fire, ash and brimstone?
Was there a tidal wave afterwards, drowning many?
Did the saltwater salinate freshwater and soil?
leading to death from thirst
and making the land unfit for planting for many years,
with diseases following the conflagration
(perhaps similar to bubonic plague)....
for the catastrophe of Sodom & Gomorrah
is very likely
the explosion of the volcano Santorini on Thera
dated to ca. 1628 BC by modern research.
This was accompanied
by earthquakes, tectonic movements and incendiary gases,
as apparently reported quite accurately by Isaiah.
excerpts from Isaiah
Isaiah, The Holy
Bible, Revised Standard Version
1(1) for who can
prophesize of such things, who has not seen them?
The vision of
Isaiah the son of Amoz....
1(7) Your country
lies desolate, your cities are burned with fire....
1(9) If the Lord of
hosts had not left us a few survivors,
we should have been like Sodom and become like Gomorrah....
4(2) And he who is
left in Zion ... will be called holy,
everyone who has been recorded for life in Jerusalem....
Then the Lord will create over the whole site of Mount Zion
and over her assemblies a cloud by day, and
smoke and the shining of of a flaming fire by night,
for over all the glory there will be a canopy and a pavilion....
5(25) ...and the
mountains quaked; and their corpses
were as refuse in the midst of the streets....
6(4) And the
foundations of the thresholds shook....
and the house was filled with smoke....
Then flew one of the seraphim to me,
having in his hand a burning coal
which he had taken with tongs from the altar....
8(6) ...the water
of Shiloah that flow gently...
therefore, behold, the Lord is bringing up against them
the water of the River, mighty and many...
and it will rise over all its channels
and go over all its banks; and it will sweep on into Judah,
it will overflow and pass on, reaching even to the neck....
10(26) ...and the
Lord of hosts will wield against them
a scourge...and his rod will be over the sea,
and he will lift it as he did in Egypt....
10(34) He will cut
down the thickets of the forest
with an ax, and Lebanon with its majestic trees will fall....
15(2) The daughter
of Dibon has gone up to the
high places to weep...
15(3) ...every one
wails and melts in tears...
raise a cry of destruction;
the waters of Nimrim are a desolation;
the grass is withered, the new growth fails, the verdure is no more.
Therefore the abundance they have gained
and what they have laid up they carry away....
For the waters of Dibon are full of blood;
yet I will bring upon Dibon even more,
a lion for those of Moab who escape, for the remnant of the land.
21(1) The oracle
concerning the wilderness of the sea.
23(1-11) The oracle
Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is laid waste,
without house or haven! From the land of Cyprus
it is revealed to them. Be still, O inhabitants of the coast,
O merchants of Sidon, your messengers passed over the sea
and were on many waters; your revenue was the grain of Shihor,
the harvest of the Nile; you were the merchant of the nations.
Be ashamed, O
Sidon, for the sea has spoken...
When the report comes to Egypt, they will be in anguish
over the report about Tyre. Pass over to Tarshish, wail,
O inhabitants of the coast! Is this your exultant city whose
origin is from days of old, whose feet carried her to settle afar?
Who has purposed
this against Tyre, the bestower of crowns,
whose merchants were princes, whose traders were the honored
of the earth? The Lord of hosts has purposed it, to defile the
pride of all glory, to dishonor all the honored of the earth.
Overflow your land
like the Nile, O daughter of Tarshish;
there is no restraint any more. he has stretched out his hand
over the sea, he has shaken the kingdoms; the Lord has given
command concerning Canaan to destroy its strongholds....
the land of the Chaldeans!
This is the people; it was not Assyria.
They destined Tyre for wild beasts.
They erected their siegetowers, they razed her palaces,
they made her a ruin. Wail, O ships of Tarshish
for your stronghold is laid waste....
24(18-20) For the
windows of heaven are opened,
and the foundations of the earth tremble.
The earth is utterly broken, the earth is rent asunder,
the earth is violently shaken, The earth staggers
like a drunken man, it sways like a hut....
41(1) Listen to me
in silence, O coastlands;
let the peoples renew their strength....
coastlands have seen and are afraid,
the ends of the earth tremble....
Hence, can we still
ask what happened to the Minoans?
or that there is no historical report of their demise?
The explosion of
Santorini and the conflagration that followed
was seen as the
hand of God, smiting the unrighteous .... and,
if we read Isaiah
... we see that this had great subsequent
this geographically affected region generally,
being tied to the
plagues of Moses and
means that Ahaz, Isaiah and Hezekiah
were historical figures of an earlier period, and that Isaiah is
not "prophesizing" into the future, but recounts the past,
as a warning to the future.
more about Santorini and Thera.