Egypt City Palette
THE ABYDOS CITY
of ANCIENT EGYPT
Decipherment Copyright © 2002 by Andis Kaulins.
Description of the
"City Palette" of Abydos
This decipherment is based on two photographs on page 28 (plates 35 and
of a wonderful German book entitled Ägypten, Die Welt der
editors Regine Schulz and Matthias Seidel,
publisher Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft, Köln, 1997.
That book labels this object as a "Städtepalette" [City Palette] , the
object being described as: "Grauwacke [grey wacke stone]; H. [height]
19 cm, Br. [width] 22 cm; [location] Kairo [Cairo], Ägyptisches Museum,
[Egyptian Museum] JE 27434 (CG 14238). There is an extensive
"Bildnachweis" (Acknowledgement of Photos) in the book organized as a
very difficult-to-use alphabetical index by author rather than by
picture or page number at pages 537 and 538 of that book, and after
some searching, I found it to indicate that the "City Palette" photos
in that book stem origianlly from Jürgen Liepe, Berlin.
(compass) = Symbol for "Measure"
Each of the
"cities" is preceded by the sign of the (compass)
hoe, to be read MR, which means MER- i.e. "measure".
1. The Spring
The OWL marks
Perseus and the Pleiades whose stars are shown as squares on the City
owl hieroglyph starts the city palette marking Perseus and the
Pleiades, whose stars are shown as squares on the City Palette. Above
the owl is a bird, perhaps a falcon, apparently marking Camelopardalis.
The owl is used here as a symbol of the rotating heavens
because of its ability to turn its head more than 90° in both directions
(later so in fact shown on Greek coins of the owl of Athena).
The Egyptian Ba-Bird JABIRU = Sumerian HABUR
The 2nd hieroglyph
starts star regions which appear to be equivalent
to the Sumerian sons of God. It is a hieroglyph of the so-called
Ba-Bird or JABIRU, which of course is identical to HABUR
on the Sumerian Sons of God list.
This is Orion and
also here, the 7 principal stars of Orion are marked.
The TWINS = Sumerian sa-KIN-KIN
The third symbol,
the twins, is self-explanatory.
SA-KIN-KIN on the Sumerian Sons of God list
covers Canis Major and Gemini, so KIN KIN may mean
either Canis Major or the doubled twins - in this sky region.
4. Cancer =
= Sumerian UK...KU... Sanskrit KARKA. This is clearly a crab-like or
lizard-like animal. It is the glyph to the far left of the top line.
5. LEO, the Lion
= (ELASSER, LARAK)
Below the lion is
the hieroglyph of the outstretched arms |__|,
crossed by an additional line, the reading of which is the same
as a man with his arms held up high meaning "spirit, high"
i.e. K3 = KR or KRi, as in Indo-European (Latvian) KARALis
"regent, king" but also GAR- "spirit". LARAK may be KARAL.
arm hierogylph is read by the Greeks as KER,
which is like
Latvian KER- (pronounced TJER) meaning "grasp").
Here it markes
Crater and Hydra (Djer).
LEO MINOR and CORVUS
has a crab at the position of Leo Minor and here we have it again,
looking like a scorpion, which originally led me to think this was
Scorpio, which is not the case. It is Leo Minor, on ancient megaliths
marked as a knife or dagger - so this was a "sharp" symbol. Below the
socrpion is the symbol of a footstool or basket - Corvus - seemingly
confused in the course of time with Crater as "the pot", and as Richard
Hinckley Allen notes about some ascriptions to Crater, "but all this
better suits Corvus" (p. 183).
7. VIRGO - SPICA
The hieroglyph is "reedgrass, Binse" or SCHT
was the maiden of the Wheat-field and the hieroglyph clearly shows a
grass of some kind. In Persia Virgo was an ear of wheat. Above Virgo
are two birds sitting on a perch whose form is that of the stars of
Coma Berenices, the north galactic pole above Virgo. As Thompson writes
in Richard Hinckley Allen's Star Names (p. 170)
stars which Conon converted into the Coma Berenices ... and which lie
in Leo opposite to the Pleiades in Taurus, were originally constellated
as a Dove...." That quote tells us that the birds here are doves and
why the City Palette stretches from the Pleiades to Virgo.
THE BACK SIDE OF
ABYDOS PALETTE SHOWS
three levels of animals and the lower one of plants
The path of EN.LIL
is north of (above) 16.°69 declination.
is breeding bull and seed funnel
NININ penned up cattle and gi.LIL.i is a herd of animals.
So a cow is used as a symbol for the path of EN.LIL
The path of ANU is
between + 16.°69 and -16.°69 declination.
AN+shu (Latvian ANsis means donkey, AUNS means "ram", AN means "sky,
heaven" whence Latvian ENA "eclipse") - so the three terms here are
The path of EA is
south of (below) - 16.°69 declination.
describes it as the path of water.
Sumerian E means irrigation ditch, boundary canal, to water.
UE means "plant, green things" - hence, homophonic usage.
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