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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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Hydra - See the figure inside?

F. Graham Millar LexiLine? Logo David and Goliath
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning


by F. Graham Millar

Halifax Centre,
ASC (Royal Astronomical Society of Canada)

Website use with permission of the late copyright-holding author
and based on the author's significant pioneer article which appeared in the
Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada,
Vol. 89, No. 4, Aug. 1995, pp.141-154.

The Biblical story of David and Goliath is familiar to most people:

And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone,
and slang it, and smote the Philistine (Goliath) in his forehead,
that the stone sunk into his forehead;
and he fell upon his face to the earth. - (I Samuel 17:49) .

This story is echoed in many similar mythic tales around the world.
We concentrate here on versions of the story which can be found in Irish folklore:
Lugh killing Balor, Cet killing Concubar, or Finn killing the One-Eyed Wizard.
Many myths, especially those of the Greeks,
have been interpreted as legends of the stars (Allen, 1963),
but not the story of David and Goliath.
Although Irish folklorists have recognized
the David and Goliath theme in Irish myths,
no one up to now has suggested that it has an astronomical source.

As argued here,
the characters in the story of David and Goliath
can be recognized in the stars as some of the familiar constellations.

In particular,
David appears likely to be associated with the constellation of Boötes,
his sling with nearby Corona Borealis,
and Goliath with the constellation of Orion on the other side of the sky.

It is therefore suggested here
for the first time in scientific literature
that "David and Goliath" was an international myth of the stars,
originating among the prehistoric speakers of Sanskrit.

[Note from LexiLine:
We have divided Millar's article into several web pages for easier reading.
Millar's references for the entire article are found below.]

GO TO the Next Page of Millar's Article

REFERENCES for the article by F. Graham Millar

Allen, R.H. 1963, Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning (Dover: New York)
Basham, A.L. 1968, The Wonder That Was India,
A Survey of the History and Culture of the Indian Subcontinent Before the Coming of the Muslims (Rupe: Calcutta)
Davidson, H.R.E. 1975, in Mithraic Studies, ed. J.R. Hinnells (Manchester Univ. Press: Manchester), p. 494
Eliade, M. 1964, Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy (Routledge & Kegan Publ.: London)
Eliade, M. 1972, Zalmoxis, the Vanishing God (Univ. Chicago Press: Chicago)
Frazer, J.G. 1911, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion (Macmillan: London)
Gantz, J. 1985, The Mabinogion (Dorset: New York)
Gurshtein, A.A. 1993, Vistas in Astron., 36, 171
Holme, B. 1979, Bullfinch's Mythology (Viking: New York)
Mac Cana, P. 1970, Celtic Mythology (Hamlyn Pub: London)
Maunder, E.W. 1908, The Astronomy of the Bible, (Mitchell Kennerley: New York)
Mercatante, A.S. 1988, The Facts on File Encyclopedia of World Mythology (Facts on File: New York)
Morris, W. 1969, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Haughton Mifflin: Boston)
O'Conaill, S. 1981, Stories and Traditions from Ivaragh, Story 51 (Comhairle Bhealoides Eirean, An Calaiste Ollscoile, Baile Athr Claith)
ÒhÒgàin, D. 1991, Myth Legend and Romance, an Encyclopedia of the Irish Folk Tradition (Prentice Hall: New York), p. 111
Ò'Siochfhradha, M. 1958, Lerner's English-Irish and Irish-English Dictionary (Comlacht Oideachairs na hÈireann Tta, s.v. coamhnòr)
Ovenden, M.W. 1966, Phil. J., Edinburgh, 3, 1
Renfrew, E. 1989, Sci. Amer., 261, 106
Roy, A.E. 1984, Vistas in Astron., 27, 171
Sherrod, P.C. 1981, A Complete Manual of Amateur Astronomy (Prentice-Hall: New Jersey)
Smith, D. 1988, A Guide to Irish Mythology (Irish Academic Press: Dublin)
Thompson, S. 1975, Motif Index of Folk-Literature (Indiana Univ. Press: Bloomington)
Turner, R.L. 1966, A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages (Oxford Univ. Press: London)
Ulansey, D. 1989, Sci. Amer., 261, 130
Wyld, H.C.K. 1936, Universal Dictionary of the English Language (H. Joseph for Selfridge: London)


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