Ancient Signs Traben-Trarbach, Germany Live Cam

Welcome to LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning


| HOME | Ancient Signs (book) | Lexiline Forum | LexiLine Journal | Stars Stones and Scholars (book) | Ancient World Blog |
| Lingwhizt | Archaeology Websearch Blog | Ancient Egypt Weblog | Archaeology Travel Photos | Megalithic Sites of the World | LawPundit (Evidence etc.) |





Search LexiLine
LexiLine Home Page - LexiLine : History of Civilization - LexiLine Quick Index
Donate to LexiLine

| Quick Index of LexiLine.com |
Google


WWW LEXILINE.COM

Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing


My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)






andis kaulins avebury
AVEBURY 7 HYDRA STONE
Hydra - See the figure inside?


MUL.APIN  10 LexiLine? Logo Sumerian Terms and Phrases
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning

MUL.APIN 10

MUL.APIN
Sumerian Akkadian
Terms and Phrases Some Speculative Observations
 

MUL.APIN
Tablet Nr. 86378
British Museum


MUL.APIN
Sumerian Akkadian Astronomy
Lexical Comments by Andis Kaulins, LexiLine

These are some speculative linguistic notes
concerning Sumerian and Akkadian astronomy
and lexical terms
which derive out of my examination
of Hunger and Pingree's article,
which is a masterpiece of immaculate scholarship
for its reproduction of the texts
(photos of the cuneiform tablets),
for noting variant tablets
and for giving the Akkadian comparables
to the Sumerian words. The citation is:

Hunger & Pingree,
"MUL.APIN: An Astronomical Compendium in Cuneiform",
Archiv fuer Orientforschung, Beiheft 24, 1989,
Verlag Ferdinand Berger & Soehne; Horn, Austria-3580.

However, their conclusions and identifications
are not all correct.
LexiLine has some supplementary analytical comments, showing words of similarity to Latvian, which may point to better ultimate explanations.


 1.

The Sumerian term NU AT.TIL
at the end of a tablet



The Sumerian NU AT.TIL "not finished"
is identical to
Latvian NAU "not" plus
ATTĒLots "described, portrayed, reproduced"



2.

The Sumerian term
at the beginning of a "continuation" tablet
MUL.SAG.ME.GAR d.Shul-pa-e


The Sumerian MUL = Latvian MIRDZ "star, twinkle"
Sumerian SAG.ME.GAR =
Latvian SEKAM GAR viz. SEKAMĀJAIS
"(that which) follows along".
Akkadian Shul-pa-e "continue" =
Latvian ŠURPU "here, hither"
Translated: MIRDZI SEKAM GARI ŠURPU =
"stars continue along here".


3.

Sumerian MUL4 =
Latvian MIRDZ "shine, sparkle" whereas
the current Latvian term for "star" is ZVAIGZNE
as rooted in Latvian ZIB-
"shine,  sparkle, be fiery, also light(ning)".

Hunger and Pingree note that a famous Babylonian scribe,
Nabu-zuqup-kenu
wrote many tablets of  astronomical context.
In view of the similar ziqpu "uzkāpu" stars,
Nabu-zuqup-kenu is correctly
Deb-ess (= Neb-, "Heaven") Uzkāpu-Zinu
meaning
"knower of the ascents (or) meridians" of heaven,
  i.e. the term in this manner meant "astronomer".


4.

The first "notch" symbol
in each line of the MUL.APIN tablets
is transcribed erroneously as DISH,
which is correctly
Latvian DUOBS "notch"
and homophonic to
Latvian DEBESS or DEBEŠA viz. DEBEŠU
"of the heavens".


This seems to precede the d to n shift
as in Slavic NEBES
or German NEBEL (English NEBULOUS) in Indo-European.

= Akkadian SHUMMA "of the heavens"
= Latvian JUMA viz. JUMTA "of the ceiling"

= Pharaonic Egyptian LjUMT (palatal L)
which is the raised cobra hieroglyph


5.

Sumerian DINGIR "deity"
is identical to
Lithuanian DANGUS "heaven"


Latvian DENDER or DANDAR
means "turning thing"
whence Pharaonic Egyptian
DENDERA
"the wheel of heaven"


 6.

Line 1 Tablet 1 of MUL.APIN "The Plow Star"
[But perhaps more archaic the
Hop Star]
reads in Sumerian and Akkadian
DISH MUL GISH.APIN DINGIR.EN.LIL
a-lik pa-ni (var. IGI) MUL.MESH shu-ut DINGIR.EN.LIL

and in Latvian
DEBEŠU MIRDZA KOKS APIŅU DANDZIS JĀNIS LIELS IELEC
VIENI (IKI) MIRDZU MEŽĀ ŠEIT DANDZU J
ĀNIS LIELS

Translation
Heaven's Shining (wooden) PLOW (-BIND, TIE) revolving,
in the region of JĀNIS in elevation,
rises when (it is) in the FOREST of SHINERS (STARS)
HERE at the REGION of JĀNIS in ELEVATION.


7.

Sumerian
DISH MUL.UR.BAR.RA GISH.NINDA SHA MUL.APIN

 can be written with similarity to Latvian as
DEBEŠU MIRDZA URĶU BARA KOKS META ŠĀ
MIRDZA APINI

 Translation
Heaven's Star plow's - scatterer
- wooden post - its binding(s)


8.

Sumerian
DISH MUL.SHU.GI DINGIR.En-Me-shar-ra

 can be written with similarity to Latvian as
DEBEŠU MIRDZA SUGAS DAUDZIS JĀNU MEŽSARGS

Translation
Heaven's Star enclosure cluster of stars, Anu's forester

Latvian MEŽSARGS or MEŽUSARGS means
"forester, guarder (here of the forest of heaven)",
literally John's Forester, Forester of Anu.

It is clear that the particle En- in Sumerian
means  "Anu, of Anu"
so that (en-) me-shar-ra in Akkadian
does not mean "old one" but rather "forester".

SHUG- in view of Nr. 9 below
is Latvian ŽOGs "enclosure"
synonymous also to Latvian GUĻKOKU SĒTA
"horizontal wooden fence".
This is the 4-star enclosure Auriga rising at CAPELLA,
later assigned to the lower star KA(m)PLAM- (see below).

Since the next line entry MUL.GAM (at 9. below)
does not have a notch in front of it,
this means that the lines are to be read together
and hence this is "the crook" in the hand of the "forester".


9.

Sumerian
MUL GAM DINGIR GAM-LUM

 can be written with similarity to Latvian as
MIRDZU KAMPIS DAUDZIS KAMPLAM

 Translation
Heaven's Star Staff Cluster of the Staff
Latvian KAMpis KAMPLIS viz. KAPLIS means "crook, staff, rake".


10.

At rising, the stars of Gemini
lie nearly horizontal to the horizon
so that the legs of both and larger star
at the upper leg of Castor (Cain)
rises before Pollux (Abel) and their "heads" rise last.

This star at the thigh or knee of Castor is LUGAL GIR.RA
where LUGAL
is comparable to Latvian LEIKAULs "upper leg"
and since GAL means "end" in Latvian then
GAL.GAL.LA is the same as Latvian
CEL.GAL.LA "of the knee", i.e. the knee of Castor.

Hence GIR.RA here
must also be similar in meaning to GAL.LA
viz. Latvian CEL.LA "raise",
the root term of "knee, joint" in Latvian.

Mes-lam-ta-e-a
could be rendered in Latvian
as '*LIEL-AJAM TA EJA meaning
"the large one, his foot (goer)",
an interpretation which is supported
by the fact that MASH.TAB.BA.TUR.TUR is given as
Alamus = LAL "large" and Nin-EZEN-GUD is
Latvian MA-ZIŅ-AIS "small (diminutive)".


11.
Hunger and Pingree write
that the Akkadian phrase
Alluttu shubat Anim
means "The Crab, seat of Anu"
but in Latvian shubat vould be ŠŪPĀT
"to rock the cradle (of heaven), swing"
- i.e. this could be the “lap” of heaven
and here perhaps applied to Ursa Major
in this position.


12.
As previously noted,
the Sumerian UR.GU.LA means URKU GULA
where GU.LA means "lying down, reclining".

This is supported by the additional Sumerian term
LA.TA.RA.AK which could be seen as similar to  Latvian LAIDARIS or LAIDERIS
"enclosure for animals,
a place to sleep, especially for animals".

Hence this applies to the initial stars of Leo's head
and the Akkadian
Urgula Latarak can be rendered similar to Latvian as
Ur-guļu laidaris "the (reclining) lion's lair".


13.
Sumerian
LUGAL = Latvian LIEKKAULs
"upper leg" of the lion,
  while Akkadian
izzazzu is Latvian ir aiz,
"is after, behind")
the SHARRU "breast, heart" of the lion.

 The full Sumerian reads as follows:
Sumerian
DISH MUL SHA INA GABA MUL.UR.GU.LA GUB-zu MUL.LUGAL

can be written with similarity to Latvian as
DEBEŠU MIRDZA ŠĀ VIŅA ĶEPA MIRDZA URĶU GUĻA
ĶEPĪŠU MIRDZU LIEKAULS

 Translation:
Heaven's star, this the paw star
of the reclining clawer's star upper thigh


14.
Sumerian
DISH MUL.MESH um-mu-lu-tum sha ina KUN MUL.UR.GU.LA
GUB-zu sis-sin-nu DINGIR E4-RU6 DINGIR ZAR-PA-NI-TUM

 can be written with similarity to Latvian as Latvian
DEBEŠU MIRDZU MEŽS iemirdzotam šā viņa KUNaste MIRDZA URĶU GUĻA
ĶEPAS SASIENU DAUDZIS CERU DAUDZIS ZARI VAINAGAM

Translation
Heavenly Star Forest, shining this its she-dog tail of the Reclining Clawer
Grasping a Tied Bunch of Lilac
a Bunch of Branches of the Flower Crown

 (there is no DISH in front of GUB-zu,
so that this means that the lines are to be read together)

 MIRDZA MEŽS means
"forest of stars, many stars, i.e a star cluster"
The Sumerian KUN seems to find its comparable in Latvian KUN-aste "she-dog tail" rooted in a variety of terms like KUNKULIS or KUNCIS "knot, clump"

Akkadian Zar-pa-ni-tum "bunch of the date palm"
at the "tail" of the lion are together
with the "tied" bunch of lilacs, correctly CERU viz. CERIŅI
in Latvian in the GUB-zu "grasp" of CERES (ERUA).

Hunger/Pingree point out that in the Constellation Eru
she is said to hold a date palm in her right hand.


15. Sumerian
DISH MUL.SHU.PA DINGIR EN.LIL SHA shi-mat KUR i-shim-mu

 can be written with similarity to Latvian as Latvian
DEBEŠU MIRDZA ŠUPA DAUDZIS JĀNU LIELAIS
ša ZEMĪTES KURMU IE
ŠHANU

Translation
Heaven's star swing/axis cluster,
the area where Anu in Elevation
the land's/lowest point (reaches)
and (starts the) climb (going) up the hill.

 This is the star Denebola, the lowest star shi-mat
(Latvian zeme means not only "land" but also in various forms of zem- means "low, below").
Here it is applied to the "land, hill"
(i.e. what Leo is lying on).
Denebola, as also in the Pharaonic pantheon,
is a "swing" or "nub" of heaven
to the Great Square and to Draco,
in which the Pole Star was located.

The transliteration of Hunger/Pingree "SHU.PA EN.LIL
who decrees the fate of the land" is of course similar.





 

| Quick Index of LexiLine.com |
Donate to the ISandIS Network
of blogs and websites
to help sustain our research and writing.


Thank you.




andis kaulins carnac
CARNAC, FRANCE
Count all those stones?


kaulins england
Studying Ancient Britain
in the Cotswolds in 2000

Deciphering megalithic sites



LexiLine.com History of Civilization
Terms of Use - Privacy Policy - Impressum

This page was last updated on January 5, 2013

Our suggested LexiLine.com Website Image for Pinterest
and/or similar portals now and in the future.


LexiLine Dot Com Image for Pinterest

The owner and webmaster of LexiLine.com is Andis Kaulins
B.A. University of Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
Alumnus Associate of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, NYC

All materials presented on LexiLine.com are for information only.
No other relationship under the law is established to the user.
No warranties are made regarding the truth or accuracy of postings.
We disclaim any and all liability for the consequences of links
to third party websites or reliance on information there presented.

Legal Notice of Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials:
Copyrighted materials on Megaliths.net are posted under the "fair use" exception
as granted by Title 17 U.S.C. [United States Code] Section 107.




Key search words for LexiLine are: Aegean, Akkad, Anatolia, ancient, ancient astronomy, ancient Britain, ancient Europe, Ancient Greece, ancient languages, ancient Near East, ancient signs, ancient world, anthropology, archaeology, archaeoastronomy, art history, artefacts, artifacts, astronomy, barrows, Biblical Studies, cairns, cave paintings, celestial, civilization, Crete, cultural astronomy, Cyprus, decipherment, dolmens, Egyptology, Elam, Fertile Crescent, geodetics, heavens, hieroglyphs, history of art, history of astronomy, history of civilization, history of mankind, history of science, history of technology, history of Western Civilization, land survey, languages, linguistics, logograms, Luvian, Luwian, megaliths, megalithic, Minoan,  Mycenae, Neolithic, Neolithic art, Oriental Studies, origins, origins of writing, Phaistos, pictographs, planisphere, prehistoric, prehistoric art, Pyramids, rock art, rock drawings, standing stones, stars, stellar constellations, stone circles, stone rings, Stone Age, stone rows, Sumer, surveyors, tumuli, Andis, Andis Kaulins, Kaulins.



Our Websites and Blogs: 99 is not 100 Aabecis AK Photo Blog Ancient Egypt Weblog Ancient World Blog AndisKaulins.com Andis Kaulins Blog Archaeology Travel Photos blog Archaeology Travel Photos Flickr Archaeology Websearch Archaeo Pundit Arts and Sciences Journal Arts Pundit Astrology and Birth Baltic Coachman Bible Pundit Biotechnology Pundit Bloggers Pundit Book Pundit Chronology of the Ancient World Computer Pundit DVD Pundit EarnATon Easter Island Script Echolat edu.edu Einstein’s Voice Energy Environment and Climate Blog Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza EU Laws EU Legal EU Pundit FaceBook Pundit Gadget Pundit Garden Pundit getCITED Golf Pundit Google Pundit Gourmet Pundit Hand Proof House Pundit Human Migrations Idea Pundit Illyrian Language Indus Valley Script Infinity One: The Secret of the First Disk Isandis Isandis Net Jostandis Journal Pundit Kaulins Genealogy Blog Kaulinsium Kiel & Kieler Latvian Blog LawPundit.com LawPundit (domain) Law Pundit (Blogspot) LearnATon LexiLine.com LexiLine Group Lexiline Journal Library Pundit Life’s Laws and Rules Lingwhizt LinkedIn Literary Pundit Magnifichess Make it Music Maps and Cartography Megalithic Wiki at Wikia.com Megalithic World Megaliths blog Megaliths.net Minoan Culture Mutatis Mutandis Nanotech Pundit Nostratic Languages Official Pundit Phaistos Disc Pharaonic Hieroglyphs Photo Blog of the World Prehistoric Art Pundit Private Wealth Blog PunditMania Quanticalian Quick to Travel Quill Pundit Road Pundit Shelfari SlideShare Sport Pundit Star Pundit Stars Stones and Scholars (blog) Stars Stones and Scholars (book) Stonehenge Pundit The Enchanted Glass Twitter Pundit UbiquitousPundit Vision of Change VoicePundit WatchPundit Wine Pundit Word Pundit xistmz YahooPundit zistmz