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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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MUL.APIN 1.1 LexiLine? Logo Path of Enlil
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The 33 Stars
on the
Path of Enlil
Within the ellipse of the Milky Way
Tablet Nr. 86378
British Museum

MUL.APIN 1.1 (lines 9 - 23)
The 33 Stars on the Path of Enlil

[AK: Latvian ENA = "shade, eclipse" = EN. in EN.LIL
and LIEL = "large" in EN.LIL "large eclipses" i.e. Solar.
i.e Path of Solar Eclipses along the ecliptic].
(Column I, Lines 1 through 39)
MUL.APIN text is in LIGHT BLUE  AK: = Comments by Andis Kaulins, with some decipherments substantially differing from Papke.

Lines are given in sequence according to
Cuneiform Tablet Nr. 86378, British Museum.

9. The Breast-Star of Leo, the "king-star" (MUL).LUGAL
AK:  The translation "breast-star" is incorrect. LUGAL is similar to Latvian LIEKKAULs "the large upper bone of the leg", and if UR.GU.LA is the star Regulus, then this can only be the upper star of the back leg, DUHR also called ZOSMA.

 10/11.The weaker stars of Leo's tail: the date-palm panicle (sissinnu) of d.Erua, d.Zarpanitum [Coma Berenices?]
AK: This is Denebola with Coma Berenices above it.
The precise text description is "kakkabani ummulutu sha ina zibbat
(MUL).UR.GU.LA izzazu sissinnu d.Erua" which equals
= Latvian"schvaka-vieni mirdzuoti sha vieni zibeta
(MUL).UR.GU.LA ir aiz sasienu Cerinaini".
SISSINNU is Latvian SASIENU "tied together, i.e. the tied "date bouquet"
in the hands of Erua (= VIRgo, related to cERes, goddess of the harvest,
where Latvian CERES = hope, and CERI = "bush, shrub, tuft".
Sumerian-Akkadian IRNINI = Latvian CERINI "lilac" - and indeed, the
Gilgamesh epos here speaks of the "fragrance" of this bush,
up to now incorrectly identified with cedar.

 12. SHU.PA, d.Enlil
which determines the "aptitude" of the mountain KUR [Corona Borealis ?]

AK: SHU.PA is Arcturus.

13. The star before him: Chegalaju, the messenger of d.Ninlil [Argo Navis, Vela]
AK: Cheguius in the Almagest for Arcturus, but applies to the star before it.

 14. The star after him: BAL.TESH.A, messenger of d.Tishpak [eta in Carina, Chinese Tseen She, Heaven's Altars, to the right of Crux]
AK: BALT.TESH.A is the star ALPH.ECCA in Corona Borealis, a brilliant white star, Latvian Baltiesha means "whitish, true white". Hinckley notes that Brown associated the name Bilat "the lady" (Phoenician Ba-a-La-T") or Beltis with Libra.

15. The (great) Wagon (MAR.GID.DA), d.Ninlil
AK: Although this appears at first glance to be The Great Bear (Big Dipper), this is Libra.

16/17. The star at the shaft of the (great) Wagon: the Fox (KA5.A)
d.Erra, the strong one among the gods

AK: The star Graffias at the head of Scorpio and Lupus as the Fox, Latvian LAPSA "fox".

18. The star to the front of the (great) Wagon: the Mother Sheep (U8), d.Aja.
AK: The star Antares = d.Aja

19. The Yoked Yoke (MU.BU.KESH.DA)
d.Anu, the great one of the heavens

AK: The star theta in Ophiuchus, Kash-Shud in Babylonian according to R.H. Allen.

20. The (small) Wagon of Heaven (MAR.GID.DA.AN.NA),

AK: The middle stars of Scorpio, Persian KhezDUM = Damkianna.

21/22. The star on its Cable: Inheritor of the Great Temple
(IBILA.E.MACH), the first, highest son of d.Anu

AK: We have the similar Euphratean BILU-SHA-ZIRI "Lord of the Seed",
but applied to Antares.

23. The Standing Gods DINGIR.GUB.BA.(MESH) of E.KUR [Scorpio]
The Sitting Gods DINGIR.TUSH.A.(MESH) of E.KUR [front stars of Sagittarius]

AK: GUBBA - the manzil Jabhah or Jabbah are the stars at the end (stinger of) Scorpio
TUSH are the stars of Sagittarius, Indic TAUKSHIKA. All rise at ca. the same time.

Go to MUL.APIN 1.2 - Continuation 2 of the Path of Enlil


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