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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing


My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)






andis kaulins avebury
AVEBURY 7 HYDRA STONE
Hydra - See the figure inside?


Pharaohs Reigns LexiLine? Logo Second Dynasty
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning


Pharaohs and their Reigns
Second Dynasty

Sources for the Length of Pharaonic Reigns
of Old Kingdom Egypt
Calibrated to Each Other and thus Corrected
by Andis Kaulins

Turin Canon, Sakkara, Abydos
Manetho (Julius Africanus and Eusebius), Eratosthenes, Barbarus


The data of the ancients related to the stars, and  -  as we shall see, for example, Eratosthenes gave us only parts
of the 1st, 2nd and 6th Old Kingdom dynasties.

Scholars, not recognizing this, have inexcusably "CHANGED" the order of kings 13 to 17 given by Eratosthenes into an artificial order of 15, 16, 17, 13 and 14, just to get some name similarity with the 4th dynasty ! Of course, Eratosthenes gave the kings in the right order. The 4th dynasty was not intended. This is a good example of mainstream science bending the facts to fit their erroneous theories.

xxx = destroyed hieroglyph   ----- = no king given
The numbers below (e.g. 62, 60, 62 for Menes) are the Pharaoh's length of reign and name according to that source.



Turin
Canon

Sakkara

Abydos

Manetho
Africanus

Manetho
Eusebius

Eratosthenes

His Greek
Translation

Barbarus

Bazau

Bazau

Bazau

Boethos
38

Bochos

Toigaramaxos
79

Tas, Andros
perissomelis

Bochus
et

Kekau

Kekau

Kekau

Kaiechos
39

Kechous
 

-----

-----

aliorum
octo

Benoteren

Benoteren

Benoteren

Binothris
47

Biothis
 

Stoichos gios
agtoi  6
Gosormies 30

Haris
anaisthitos
Hetisipantos

-----

xxx

Uznas

Uznas

Tlas
19

-----

Maris gios
agtoi 26

Heliodoros

-----

Sendi

Sendi

Sendi


Sethenis
41

Alloitreis

Anophis 20
(=Anubhis)
Sirios 18

Epikomos, gios
koris, os de eteroi
abaskantos

-----

-----

-----

-----

Chairis
17

-----

Chnoibos
Gneiros 22

Chrysis Chrysoi
Gios

-----

Neferkeris
nfr is ch so this is chairis

Neferkeris
nfr is ch so this is chairis

-----

Neferkeris
25 - nfr is ch so this is chairis

o ebdomos

Pakausis
13
Piere(s)
10

arkikrator

-----

Sesochris

Sesochris

-----

Sesochris
48

Sesochris
48

-----

-----

-----

Cheneris

Cheneris

-----

Cheneris
30

o enatos

-----

-----

-----


Note: The data of the above sources
related to the Pharaohs' post-mortem star realms,
(which once may have had some actual relation to the length of human rule), but, due to precession, e.g. in the case of Eratosthenes, he counted stars distances in the 3rd century BC, NOT as the Pharaohs saw them in their era.

These are the heliacal rising star realms of the Second Dynasty on the basis of Eratosthenes data. From Arcturus to Antares, 79 heliacal rising days. From Antares in Scorpio to eta-Ophiuchus (Gosormies) is 6 days. From eta-Ophiuchus to Altair is 30 days. From Altair (Maris gios agtoi = Persian Muru "bird", Aquila) to Enif is 26 days. From the heliacal rising Anubis (the star ENIF in Pegasus = ANUBis) to the heliacal rising of Alpheratz (Sirios, which is Sirrah, another name for Alpheratz) in Andromeda is 20 days. From Alpheratz to Al Genib in Perseus is 18 days. From the star Al Genib in Perseus (Chnoibos Gneiros, where Chnoibos = Genib) to Capella in Auriga is 22 days. From Capella to the heliacal rising of Beta-Auriga (the back of the head - see below) is 13 days and it is another 10 days to the heliacal rising of theta-Auriga (the forehead).

For Neferkeris above, the correct reading is sound determinative CH plus Keris. Note that the Greek Pakausis is the same as Latvian pakausis "back of the head" whereas Greek Piere has the Latvian comparable piere "forehead".

The lengths of "reign" given by contradictory ancient sources
differ according to which stars were used for calculations.

The most complete is the data of Julius Africanus
(using Manetho's lost original).


Go to the 3rd Dynasty Sources
for Reigns of the Pharaohs






 

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andis kaulins carnac
CARNAC, FRANCE
Count all those stones?


kaulins england
Studying Ancient Britain
in the Cotswolds in 2000

Deciphering megalithic sites



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