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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing

My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)

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Hydra - See the figure inside?

Ancient Languages LexiLine? Logo Baltic Tongues
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning

A Baltic Language Connection
to Ancient Languages and Cultures

Latvian is the only Indo-European language having no aspirates.
This is an ancient language feature which the
Nostraticists say
marked Proto-Indo-European.

Leonija Wuss-Mundeciema writes:
"The Latvian language
[together with Lithuanian and Ancient Prussian],
belongs to the Baltic languages
which occupy a special position in Indo-European...
since they retain archaic forms close to
Sanskrit ...."

Similarities of the Baltic languages to Hebrew,
ancient Greek, and Sanskrit were noted long ago by Franz Bopp,
the founder of comparative linguistics, in the work
Comparative Grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin,
Lithuanian, Gothic, German and Slavonic Languages

by Franz Bopp et al, H.H. Wilson editor, E. B. Eastwick (translator).

August von Schloezer
(the linguist who coined the term "Semitic" 200 years ago)
also saw similar connections to Latvian.

Bopp Nominative Feminine Ordinal Numbers

The image above from Bopp's Comparative Grammar (p. 452)
compares nominative feminine ordinal numbers
in Sanskrit, Zend (Avesta), Doric (Dorian) Greek, Latin,
Gothic, Lithuanian and Old Sclavonic (Slavonic).


Alan Bomhard
provides the athematic Nostratic endings found below,
which, as Bomhard writes
and as Franz Bopp suggested 200 years ago (!) -
"can be nothing else but agglutinated personal pronouns".

Singular Personal Suffixes

There is essentially complete agreement between
Pharaonic Egyptian
and Latvian

[if the letters viz. diacritics, i.e. characters,
do not resolve properly below,
please set the "character encoding" on your browser
to Unicode via that browser menu item,
which e.g. in Firefox is under "View"]

1st Person Singular
Nostratic *-m
j me
esmu / ejmu

2nd Person Singular
Nostratic *-t
tu / kas

3rd Person Singular
"her" f//v and "him" sh-
šī (pronounced "she)
and viņa
and "him"
šī (pronounced "she)
viņš (pronounced "vinsh")

Andis Kaulins
added the Pharaonic and Latvian
comparisons above
to Nostratic.

But WHO out there knows Latvian?
or Lithuanian?

Very few people.

In the pages of LexiLine,
we try to resurrect important aspects of the Baltic languages
for linguistic and laymen's examination.

The Baltic languages represent many aspects
of the still recoverable agglutinative stage of language development
prior to inflection and later loss of inflection,
a loss of inflection such as we find in modern English.


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The owner and webmaster of is Andis Kaulins
B.A. University of Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
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