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Ancient Signs

Ancient Signs

The Alphabet & the Origins of Writing


My new print & ebook
shows that modern alphabets are based on ancient alphabets rooted in syllabic scripts of the ancient world (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus)






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AVEBURY 7 HYDRA STONE
Hydra - See the figure inside?


Ancient Pottery LexiLine? Logo Early Cultures
LexiLine - A Renaissance in Learning


ANCIENT POTTERY
and EARLY CULTURES


T
he Black Sea Flood Cultures
Ceramic and Linear Design (LBK, BK)
Balts, Black Sea Cultures, Sumerians and Pharaohs
...
Baltic Culture ca. 5000 BC - Dnieper Donets 5000 BC

Pictures speak louder than words.
The designs and cultures at
Pots of Proof are all related.
The connecting culture between north and south
for the purported Black Sea Flood around 5600 BC
- as noted by the late Marija Gimbutas
of UCLA in her monumental work on European pre-history,
The Civilization of the Goddess: The World of Old Europe -
is that of the Dnieper Donets Culture.


Map of what my have happened as the result
of the purported Black Sea Flood ca. 5600.




Gimbutas writes that the Dnieper Donets people were
large, strong, and broad-faced (brachycephalic)
descendants of paleolithic Cro-Magnon man.

Gimbutas writes that the Dnieper Donets pottery
is related for certain to the Baltic "Memel Culture".

Burial practices of the Dnieper Donets Culture
were also similar to those found in the Baltic at Zvejnieki,
the largest and oldest cemetary in all of northern Europe.

Zvejnieki is dated to the Mesolithic prehistoric period
(ca. 7000 BC - 5000 BC)
- older than the Dnieper-Donets Culture -
and was excavated by Zagorskis in the 1960's and 1970's
at Burtnieku Ezers (Lake of the Lett-erers) in north Latvia.

Bodies were wrapped in hides and preserved by red ochre
just as in the Dnieper-Donets culture.
This was probably the origin of mummification.

Offerings of birds were found together with sculpted
pendants and necklaces made of animal teeth (originally
elk, deer and boar and later dog, wolf, fox and marten).
Pendants of pearls and amber as well as wooden animal
sculptures of elk and birds were also found as offerings.





Above, an example of a Latvian SARG-
which means "to protect" and VAK-
meaning "lid" or "box", which gave us
our later word SARCO-PHAG.
The body, Latvian "KER-MEN-IS"
is wrapped in hides, preserved with ocher
and put into a hollowed-out tree trunk.

We see above the origins of the
later Pharaonic method of burial below.




Both are identically made inside according to the same principle,
showing that the Pharaonic method of sarcophagi construction
had its ancient roots in putting the body within hollowed-out trees,
as the Latvian sarcophagi shows.


There is a connection between the Indo-Europeans of
North and Central Europe and the cultures of Sumer and Egypt
through the medium of the Baltic, Dniester Bug, Dnieper Donets,
Vinca, Karanovo and Boian cultures.

Around 5500 B.C. - says Gimbutas - the archaeology shows that
the Dnieper-Donets Culture moved SOUTH
(rising water levels?)
toward the Black Sea, where they remained north of the Crimea
(in Latvian Grim- (Krim-) means "to sink into water, submerge") 
until about 4000 BC. Then they disappeared....whereto?

At that same date, ca. 4000 BC,
the Ubaidians viz. pre-Sumerians migrate into Mesopotamia.

These are surely the people of the Dnieper-Donets Culture,
who, as the Boian Culture,
driven originally by the flood, are thereafter to establish the
Sumerian and Pharaonic cultures and thus mark the start
of what is regarded to be modern human civilization.
 

By contrast there is no evidence of any foreign migration into Latvia
until about 2500 B.C. when burial of skeletons in embryo position
partly supplanted full-length on-the-back burial. Gimbutas suggests
that these invaders were horse-riding Kurgans (i.e. the Finno-Ugric
Mongol Hordes viz. the northern Hyksos).

Note: At this time, 6000-5000 B.C., the expansion may also go
in part directly East to West from the equally waterlogged Baltic
region (rising oceans) since the main European tributary
of the Black Sea, the Danube, does not show the signs of settlement
which one expects for the spread of the Linearbandkeramik
at its mouth on the Black Sea.


THE ORIGINS OF AGRICULTURE
THE DNIESTER BUG CULTURE

The location of the Dniester Bug Culture coincides almost directly
with the regions of the greatest impact of the Black Sea Flood.
Because of its superb black soil, this was a natural region for the
possible origin, development and spread of field agriculture
(not just the gathering of grasses).

Indeed, there is evidence starting 6500 B.C. that the Dniester Bug culture
experimented with domestication of large animals (cattle and sheep) and
with the systematic planting of wild wheat, Aegilops cylindrica, perhaps
the original form of wheat. This is the only such known place
of such experimentation.

The first villages of this culture were initially on postglacial
river terraces. The villages moved to higher ground when the
Black Sea Flood came. The wood and mud houses were originally
sunk into the earth but later were built above ground using stone
- a cultural sign that their land was taken over by another people
and that they themselves had moved.

The First Ceramics

The first ceramics appear in the Dniester Bug Culture only in its
third level, which is dated to 5800 B.C. The oldest ceramics were
modeled according to stone predecessors. They were made without
a potter's wheel. They were not flat at the bottom but round or
pointed - based on the stone originals and also due to their use
in cooking. The "kneaded" or "curved" top came originally from
"handmade" pots, since the working hands make this form naturally.

The first ceramics worldwide are dated to ca. 6500 BC
in the Mediterranean. Decoration came some time later, ca. 6300 BC.
The center of development in Central Europe to start
is the Dniester Bug area of the Black Sea, spreading in all directions.


POTTERY
AND GEOMETRIC LINEAR DESIGN

The Great Flood ca. 5500 B.C. forced peoples of the Black Sea
to move out of the flooded fertile plain of the Black Sea region
into other areas. Their land had been flooded - especially the shallow
"shelf" on the side of the Black Sea - and their former freshwater
had become salty and was no longer suitable for irrigation.
Hence, field agriculture and irrigation migrated up the river valleys
in Western Europe, the Transcaucasus
and into Mesopotamia at this period of time.

These migrating "People of the Flood" - as will be shown - had
previously developed a distinctive linear and geometric design
pattern for ceramics and other artifacts. The pot of the Boian
Black Sea Culture represents this design
in an already advanced stage.


 


Pottery design.
Boian Culture 5000 BC

One element of the basic geometric and linear design in this pattern
is a sequence of squares or elongated rectangles - mostly in rows of two,
either facing each other or offset by one square or by one rectangle.
There are often intervening straight lines without design, followed generally
by elongated triangular or lozenge-formed shapes - all placed linearly
around a pot or object or as a geometric wall design
(ancient stone wallpaper).

The above picture is from the Boian Culture of the Black Sea
about 5000 BC. Compare this basic geometric linear design pattern
of squares viz. rectangles, intervening lines and triangular or
lozenge-formed shapes to Sumerian pottery, to the pyramid wall
of Djoser, the first builder of an Egyptian pyramid, to artifacts
found in the tomb of Tut-ankh-amun or to ceramic wares known
to belong to Hebrew Culture specifically (e.g. Esau's Edomites).
It is easy to see that all of these cultures are related as to design.


Method of Manufacture
Origins in Woodworking

But that is not all. The method of manufacture of the Boian pot
is in many cases also similar to methods of manufacture found
in later cultures. On the Boian pottery, the design was first made
in relief using techniques which had their origin in "woodworking" (!)
and then the individual design elements on the surface.
This was ALSO the manner in which the symbols, designs
and hieroglyphs on monuments in Egypt were handcrafted !



Pottery Colors

There is also good agreement among the geometric linear design
cultures on the colors used as well as on the color hues,
with red pigment (ochre) being a main constituent,
much as in the burial customs.


The Boian were a Black Sea Culture - and most of the peripheral
Black Sea Cultures had similar linear ceramic design, with the oldest
- the Dniester-Bug Culture - dating to ca. 6500 B.C.



THE CIVILIZATION
OF THE GODDESS


What the pottery shows - is verified for Europe - by the late
Marija Gimbutas in her monumental book - her life's work,
The Civilization of the Goddess: The World of Old Europe.


As Gimbutas observes in writing her book, without in 1991
having known about the Black Sea Flood, at around 5500 BC
there was a massive spreading of agriculture into Europe
(but also into Mesopotamia and ultimately into Egypt).


Concordant with Nostratic language theory, this also spread
Indo-European language into Western Europe
and points South and East.



THE DNIEPER DONETS CULTURE

In 5500 BC, the "connecting cultures" for the expansion of agriculture
to Europe and Mesopotamia appear to be the Dnieper Donets Culture
to the East of the Dniester Bug Culture) and the Boian Culture
(to the West of the Dniester-Bug Culture).


Around 5500 B.C. - writes Gimbutas - the archaeology shows,
paradoxically, that the Dnieper-Donets Culture moved SOUTH
toward the Black Sea (there were also rising water levels
in the Baltic and the Pripet marshes due to the glacial melt)
where they met (and mixed?) with the Surska fishing culture.
Here there are signs of domestication of animals and trade
with Black Sea cultures to the west.


Gimbutas writes that the people of the Dnieper Donets Culture
were large, strong, and broad-faced (brachycephalic) descendants
of Paleolithic Cro-Magnon man.
This is important.
They surely came from the north, encountering the
Mediterranean inhabitants around the Black Sea.



THE BOIAN CULTURE

A symbiosis appears then to have occurred.
The Boian culture was created, to which we can also add elements
of the Karanovo and Gumelnita cultures.


The result was that the previous Mediterranean dolichocephalic
Vinca types were now mixed in the Boian cemeteries with
brachycephalic [North viz. Central European] types as well as
alpine skull types.


The dead were buried flat in shaft-tomb-like graves oriented
in an East-West direction. In combination with the Hamangia Culture,
the Boian Culture then evolved into the Karanovo Gumelnita
Culture, a mixture of finely boned Mediterranean stock and
graceful proto-Indo-Europeans.


These then extended into the Varna
and Cucuteni cultures, typified by large city-like settlements, fine
human sculptures, many symbols of animals and gold-coated
objects, the production of which required strong metalworking
and smelting talents and knowledge. Indeed, this was the age of
metals, gold, obsidian etc. in Central Europe. Cucuteni ovens
for production of metals and ceramics have been found,
as also indication of the invention of the potter's wheel.



THE GUDDA

The people of the Flood became a "mixture" of peoples.
In Latvian and Lithuanian language this mixture is perhaps
described by the word GUDDA (this is AKKAD),
which is the Baltic name for the "White Russians" (Byelo- or Belo-Russia)
as opposed to the "Black Russians" (Turks) and the "Great Russians"
(Russians of Viking, i.e. straight Indo-European descent).

GUDDA may come from the Latvian term JUKTA meaning "mixed"
(i.e. paler-skinned northerners mixed with the darker-skinned southerners)
who Herodotus calls the "agrarian Scythians" - and - in my opinion -
this is the origin of JUDAH, i.e. the origin of the Hebrews,
who were the People of the Flood in Mesopotamia.

In Thrace and Macedonia these people from the coasts
of the Black Sea were in ancient times regarded to be "foreigners"
because they were an anthropological mixture of strong
Indo-European elements with some Mediterranean influence.


Let us now take a closer look at the ancient Sumerians,
or what we may also call ancestors of the Cimmerians
Go to
Sumerians





 

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